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Salou / News / Art

La Caixa shows the first catalan population in the exhibition Sedentarios

La Caixa shows the first catalan population in the exhibition Sedentarios



El Vendrell. Costa Dorada. The first settlements in Catalonia show the art forms, economic, technological, and cultural rituals of the Neolithic communities of the region that currently corresponds to Catalonia. Any changes to agriculture and livestock have been adding other news to know as typical Neolithic period: the polished stone industry, which is a better way and use tools for daily life; ceramics, needed to store food, mining, the exploitation of variscite for example, used to make necklaces and accessories, and new burial customs, with the emergence of groups collective burials, tombs and the predominance of pit, cists and megaliths (dolmens). Importantly, these changes occur in our territory with a delay of 3,000 years for the Middle East, and there is where they come to our lands. Because, in fact, the process neolitització in Catalonia is a product of the influence of foreign settlers, allegedly came from the Italian coasts. By the end of the ice age period of Metals The exhibition, which is divided into two areas, covering chronologically from Epipaleolithic (end of the glacial period and way of life based on the economics of hunting and gathering Collection), or to start Calcolithic of the Metal Age. It is a period of about 6200 years when humans became sedentary and bases its livelihood on the domestication of animals and plants (8000-2000 BC). The first area focuses on Epipaleolithic (8000-6000 BC), called the Mesolithic in some areas. It is a time of transition between two economies and lifestyles of the hunter-gatherer of the Upper Paleolithic and Neolithic farmers. It is the time of the end of the last glacial period and hunters. The art that characterized this period, for example, Levantine, when read in painting the walls of caves, but the human figure takes on a significant role, unlike the previous era paintings depicting animal figures . Thus, the static and solitary figure of the animal Paleolithic stage full of contrasts and dynamic realism of Epipaleolithic.   Through a visual witness to climatic changes that occurred at that time. We can see the decline of ice on the last glacial period (Würm IV), changes in vegetation and fauna and the variation in the coastlines. In addition, a chronological table places the visitor at every stage of this period, from Palaeolithic times until Calcolithic with references to what happened elsewhere in the world to establish a temporary useful comparison. Also a map places Epipaleolithic main sites in Catalonia. The human species abandon nomadism In the second area of the exhibition is already the Neolithic (6000-2000 BC), a fundamental stage where the human race abandoned nomadism is'estableix to devote himself to farming and agriculture. The result of this change of economic nature as the first n'apareixen other concentrations of dwellings, trade networks, pottery, polished stone technique, textiles, basketry ... Climate change were an increase in population, the factors that led to this process, together with the cultural evolution of the latest Paleolithic communities. Visitors will find a map with locations of major Neolithic sites in Catalonia.  



Tags: costa dorada, el vendrell, painting, sculpture, exhibitions, museums
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